Russia's area is about 17 million sq.km (6.5 million sq.mi). It covers almost twice the area of the United States of America and remains the largest country in the world. European Russia extends from the North Polar Sea across the Central Russian Uplands to the Black Sea, the Northern Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. The border between European Russia and Siberia (Asia) is formed by the Ural Mountains. Siberia stretches from the West Siberian Plain across the Central Siberian Plateau to the East Siberian mountains between the Lena River and the Pacific coast.
The land boundaries are 19,917 km long. The border countries are: Azerbaijan — 284 km; Belarus — 959 km; China (southeast) — 3,605 km, China (south) — 40 km; Estonia — 294 km; Finland — 1,313 km; Georgia — 723 km; Kazakhstan — 6,846 km; North Korea — 19 km; Latvia — 217 km; Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) — 227 km; Mongolia — 3,441 km; Norway — 167 km; Poland (Kaliningard Oblast) — 206 km; Ukraina — 1,576 km.
Russia has a wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber. The country's terrain varies from broad plain with low hills west of Urals, vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia, uplands and mountains along southern border regions.
The population of the country is 142,400,000 people. Its density is about 23 persons per square mile (8.6 per sq.km), it makes Russia one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Its population is predominantly urban. The country's ethnic composition includes Russians — 81%, Tatars — 4%, Ukrainians — 3%, and others — 12%.
Religion is mainly Christian with the Russian Orthodox Church being the largest Christian community. Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish minorities also exist.
Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north. Winters vary from cool along the Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia. Summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast.
Russian currency is Rouble (RUR). 1 Rouble equals to 100 kopeeks. Foreign currency should only be exchanged at official exchange offices and authorized banks. Exchange offices are numerous and easy to find. Large shops and hotels offer their own exchange facilities.
Major European and international credit and debit cards, including Visa and Diners Club, are accepted in the largest hotels, shops and restaurants, but cash (in Roubles) is preferred.
- the import of foreign currency is unlimited, subject to declaration;
- the export of foreign currency is limited to the amount declared on arrival.
To enter Russian Federation valid passport and visa are required. For more detailed information please contact us or Russian Consulate in your country.