Moscow, the capital of Russia, is one of the biggest cities of the world. It occupies the area of 1035 km2 (more than 9 million people). Moscow's history covers about two thousand years, though the earliest annals set the date of its foundation as 1147, which is the official "birthday" of the city. It was founded by prince Yuri Dolgoruky and is famous for numerous places of interest and architectural monuments.
The heart of the city is the Kremlin which stands on the crest of a hill above the Moskva River. It is flanked by the Red Square, that is crowned by the unique and gorgeous St. Basil's Cathedral.
Besides the ancient historical buildings Moscow has many modern buildings — Moscow State University, the Central Stadium in Luzhniki which hosted the 1980 Olympic Games, and the Ostankino TV Tower (536 meters high). Moscow is the city of theatres, among them is the world famous Bolshoi Opera and Ballet House.
The city tour includes visiting both the historical center of the city (the Red Square, the Sofiiskaya Embankment with the building of the St. Sophia Cathedral and the panorama of the Kremlin walls, etc.) and its modern part (the Lenin (Vorobievy) Hills — the highest place in the city, providing a beautiful view; the Poklonnaya Hill where there is a monument commemorating defenders of the city during the World War Two, etc).