Tretyakov Art Gallery
The State Tretyakov Gallery is the national treasury of Russian fine art and one of the greatest museums in the world.
The Gallery's collection consists entirely of Russian art and artists who have made а contribution to the history of Russian art or been closely connected with it. The collection contains more than 130000 works of painting, sculpture and graphics, created throughout the centuries by successive generations of Russian artists.
The date of its foundation is usually taken to be 1856 when the young Moscow merchant and industrialist Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov first acquired works by Russian artists of his day with the aim of creating а collection, which might later grow into а museum of national art.
Among the highlights of the collection are the works of Andrei Rublev, the world famous icon painter of the 14th–15th centuries; the canvases by Ilya Repin and Vasily Surikov; the landscapes by Isaak Levitan, Arkhip Kuinji, Alexei Savrasov; the marine scenes by Ivan Aivazovsky; the portraits by Ivan Kramskoy; the sculptures by Sergei Konenkov and Anna Golubkina.
A large section of the collection is devoted to contemporary Soviet and Russian art, containing many works by both traditionalists and experimentalists.